A computer’s cooling system is an important part of the overall device because it prevents heat from building up to a dangerous level. Excess heat in the system can lead to failure of important parts. Components such as the CPU, the motherboard, and the RAM work hard to process and produce information. Cooling and ventilation moves air through the system and keeps the computer operating at a safe temperature.
Computer manufacturers have performed extensive research in computer cooling to learn about the physics of keeping these components from overheating. Over the course of this research, manufacturers have created various liquid and air cooling systems. The methods incorporated with these systems include natural convection, direct liquid immersion, forced convection, and more. Researchers have used mathematical analysis to predict temperature fluctuations within a computer using different cooling systems.
Modern computers often utilize air cooling to control heat. This type of system is less expensive and less complex than liquid cooling. It also takes up less space, which makes it advantageous for small devices.